Hare notes that the world`s poorest nations cannot make deep emission reductions without the long-promised funding and technical support of the world`s rich nations. Watson agrees that developed countries have largely caused the climate problem and must support less developed countries. “We need everyone on board to solve this problem,” he says. Countries must, among other things, report on their greenhouse gas inventories and their progress against their targets, so that external experts can assess their success. Countries should also review their commitments by 2020 and present new targets every five years to further reduce emissions. They must participate in a “comprehensive state of affairs” to measure collective efforts in order to achieve the long-term goals of the Paris Agreement. In the meantime, developed countries must also assess the financial assistance they will provide to developing countries to help them reduce their emissions and adapt to the effects of climate change. The objective of the agreement is to reduce global warming as described in Article 2 and to improve the implementation of the UNFCCC through:[11] Long-term strategies can and should include future greenhouse gas prevention targets as well as a direct reduction of existing emissions in an economy. Countries wishing to develop a vision of an emissions-free future could express this, for example, with regard to a clean energy matrix, a modern transport system that uses only electric vehicles or mandates for sustainable landscape management and reverse deforestation. It is important for long-term strategies that they send a clear signal to economic operators; that they provide these actors with the flexibility to best meet their capabilities; They are realistic Reflect the long-term aspirations of all sectors of society; be compatible with policy cycles and possible changes induced by medium-term priorities; and, ultimately, that they lead the country as quickly as possible on the path of offsetting its emissions and operating. The long-term objective of the Paris Agreement is to keep the increase in global average temperature well below 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial levels; and to continue efforts to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius, while acknowledging that this would significantly reduce the risks and effects of climate change. This should require a rapid reduction in emissions to achieve “a balance between anthropogenic emissions from sources and the reduction of greenhouse gases from wells” in the second half of the 21st century. It also means increasing the parties` ability to adapt to the negative effects of climate change and “reconciling financial flows with a way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resistant development.” On Monday, November 4, the Trump administration filed a formal request to formally withdraw the United States from the 2015 Paris Agreement in November.