Caught in the turmoil of the election year, the United States plans to ratify the Paris agreement through an executive agreement, bypass the Senate and initiate a complex process for any future president who wants to step down. Heads of state and government from 171 countries met at UN Headquarters on Friday to sign the pioneering agreement. The agreement was seen as a triumph for Mr. Ban, who insisted on the agreement throughout his tenure and described the Paris agreement as one of his proudest moments as head of the United Nations. The ceremony, which will take place on Earth Day, will take place four months after the hard-won agreement in Paris and is the first step in linking countries to promises to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. China and the United States have said they will ratify this year and insist that others follow suit so that the agreement can enter into force as early as the end of 2016 or 2017. Scientific analyses show that the first targets that countries promised before Paris do not meet the agreement`s long-term goal of keeping global warming below 2 degrees Celsius compared to the pre-industrial period. 15 countries, mainly island states, have already approved the agreement and will formally submit this ratification to the United Nations. “We can congratulate each other today, but it will mean absolutely nothing if you return to your countries and do not exceed the promises of this historic agreement.” A total of 175 countries signed the Paris climate agreement at the UN in New York, a record for signing a one-day international agreement, the UN said. DiCaprio opened his speech with a comparison with former President Abraham Lincoln and his position on slavery. The deadline for the start of the agreement is 2020, but the momentum is intensifying to ensure that the agreement enters into force much earlier. U.S.

Secretary of State John Kerry embraces his granddaughter Isabelle Dobbs-Higginson after signing the book at the signing ceremony of the Paris Agreement, said diCaprio that record attendance at the signing ceremony was a sign of hope, but he argued that sticking to the Paris agreement would not be enough to combat climate change. The agreement will enter into force as soon as 55 countries representing at least 55% of global emissions have formally joined the agreement. Maros Sefcovic, the head of energy for another leading emitter, the European Union of 28 nations, said the EU wanted to be in the “first wave” of country ratification. As part of the agreement, countries set their own targets for reducing emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. The targets are not legally binding, but countries must update them every five years.